EU wins the Nobel Peace Prize
The European Union has won the Nobel Peace Prize today for its efforts to promote peace and democracy in Europe, despite being in the midst of its biggest crisis since the 1950s.
The Norwegian prize committee said the EU received the award for six decades of contributions “to the advancement of peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe”.
“The stabilising part played by the European Union has helped to transform a once torn Europe from a continent of war to a continent of peace”, said Nobel committee chairman Thorbjoern Jagland, in Oslo.
The EU rose from the ashes of the Second World War and is now made up of 500 million people in 27 nations, with other nations waiting to join.
“Today war between Germany and France is unthinkable. This shows how, through well-aimed efforts and by building up mutual confidence, historical enemies can become close partners”, the committee said.
The citation also noted the democratic conditions the EU has demanded of all those nations waiting to join, referred to Greece and Spain when they joined in the 1980s, and to the countries in Eastern Europe who sought EU membership after the 1989 fall of the Berlin Wall.
The prize focused on the EU’s historical role as a builder of peace at a time when the Union’s existence is under challenge from the financial crisis that has stirred deep tensions between north and south and when there are questions about the form in which the EU will survive.
“The EU is currently undergoing grave economic difficulties and considerable social unrest”, Jagland said.
He added: “The Norwegian Nobel Committee wishes to focus on what it sees as the EU’s most important result: the successful struggle for peace and reconciliation and for democracy and human rights.”